RWANDA: GENOCIDE OF TUTSIS, Who is Responsible?

The posting of this article on the Proxy Lake is not intended to minimize or deny the Rwandan genocide. It seeks to bring out debatable information from the author to further clarify what actually happened in Rwanda.

Rwanda: “Genocide of Tutsis”, the anatomy.

by Patrick Mbeko (enfantsducongo@gmail.com), Montréal (Québec).

Lisez la version francaise ici

On April 6th, 1994, the plane carrying President Juvenal Habyarimana of Rwanda and Cyprien Ntaryamira of Burundi was shot down at Kigali airport while beginning its landing. Following the terrorist attack, a horrible massacre and humanitarian disaster plunged Rwanda into horror and chaos. In three months, some eight hundred thousand Rwandans will die as well. This is what we call the “Rwandan Genocide”, that some “enlightened minds” call “genocide of Tutsis”, as if to say that the victims of massacres in Rwanda were only the Tutsis, to whom we associate a small Hutu group called “Hutu moderates.”

The story conveyed through the media, some “experts” and “historians” is quite simple: the Hutu extremists in Rwanda fomented genocide of Tutsis for several years, rising to acts between April and July 1994. Paul Kagame, leader of the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) drove extremists from power and ended the genocide. This story of Paul Kagame, a kind of hero who pulled his people from the clutches of a gang of killers, has justified the many Hutu extermination operations remotely controlled by Kagame in Rwanda and Congo since 1994, under the pretext of pursuing the alleged genocidaires. Today, it is this same excuse that allows Kagame to occupy part of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The toll is heavy: more than six million Congolese killed by the Rwandan Patriotic Army.

The debate on the Rwandan genocide or genocide of Tutsis, depending on which way you want to put it, has raised passions. But before going further, let us ask the following question: If there was genocide against the Tutsis in Rwanda, who is (are) responsible (s)?

A key question however remains:

Who is responsible for the Rwandan genocide?

I will address this issue by attempting to answer two sub-questions that seem important: Who is responsible for the attack against President Habyarimana’s plane regarded as the trigger for the genocide? And what is the identity of the killers, those who engaged in the killing of people (hence the “genocidaires”)?

The author of the attack

The resolution of the enigma of the attack can change the historical understanding of the sequence that leads to genocide and, where appropriate, the establishment of new political responsibilities in the context of extreme violence and extreme tension in Rwanda in early 1994; the author of the attack could not ignore that thousands of Rwandan Tutsis would pay for their lives. Whoever the author, his cynicism is proven criminal. Although the actions of the RPF had reinforced an anti-Tutsi sentiment in Rwanda before the fateful date of April 6, 1994, it is not at all certain that the forces of extermination could have been released without the death of Habyarimana, thus the importance of this attack in understanding the tragic events that unfolded in Rwanda. All the tragic history of Rwanda is therefore based on this event: the attack against President Habyarimana’s plane

To date, the author (or authors) of the attack is (are) not “officially” known. March1, 2000, the Canadian newspaper the National Post revealed the existence in the boxes of the United Nations, of a confidential investigation report involving the current president of Rwanda in the attack against the Falcon 50 of President Juvenal Habyarimana on April 6, 1994. The same year, a former intelligence officer in the Office of the G2 Rwandan Patriotic Army, Jean-Pierre Mugabe confirmed the responsibility of Paul Kagame in the attack. Later, the French judge Jean-Louis Bruguiere questioned the role played by the current Rwandan president in what constitutes the trigger for the genocide in Rwanda in April 1994.

(Also Read :The widows of two African Presidents slain in the 1994 missile attack on the Presidential plane filed notice with the 10th Circuit Federal Court of Appeals in Habyarimana v. Kagame.)

In 2002, investigative journalist from Cameroon Charles Onana said in his book (Les secrets du genocide rwandais: Enquête sur le mystère d’un président, Paris, Duboiris 2002) that the current Rwandan president was responsible for the attack against President Habyarimana’s Falcon 50. The Rwandan government and its president had filed a complaint for defamation against Onana with the Court of First Instance of Paris. After having read the evidence filed by the lawyers of Cameroonian journalist, the Rwandan government withdrew.

For Cynthia McKinney, former U.S. Senator from Georgia, Bill Clinton’s special envoy to Central Africa, this reversal of the Rwandan authorities was nothing but a guilty plea:

“In 2001, I organized as a member of the International Relations Committee U.S. Senate, a panel discussion on the attack. I invited CIA analysts, investigators of the ICTR, a former collaborator of Paul Kagame and several international experts on terrorism. It became clear during this meeting that Paul Kagame and members of his army, the Rwandan Patriotic Army (RPA), were involved in the attack. When Paul Kagame has waived the trial that he had filed against Charles Onana, I interpreted this as an admission of guilt. “There is therefore a shadow of a doubt that the sponsor of this despicable and evil act is Paul Kagame.”

Continue reading on page 2: The killers or “genocidaires” ?

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